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venerdì 13 novembre 2015

Black: Come Washington ed Hamilton mossero guerra al proprio popolo per fagli pagare una Whiskey Tax da rigirare ai banchieri


Bellissima la storia che racconta Simon Black su un paesino inglese in cui la gente ha deciso di fare come le multinazionali (non pagare sostanzialmente un cazzo di tasse) e si sono trasferiti offshore anche loro! Mitici!! :D 

Ma forse persino piu' interessante la storia su come sin dal giorno dopo l'indipendenza USA George Washington ed Alexander Hamilton si misero a fare una guerra vera e propria contro il loro spesso popolo per l'imposizione di una tassa sul whiskey che sarebbe servita per ripianare i debiti di guerra. 

I soldati erano stati pagati in IOU (paghero', I Owe You) e li avevano rivenduti, dati per soldi persi, alle banche per pochi penny rispetto ad ogni dollaro di valore nominale. 

A quel punto i banchieri, amici di Hamilton, pretesero di essere invece ripagati appieno, al 100% del valore nominale e i loro amici al potere imposero questa tassa sul Whiskey. 

Molti americani si ribellarono, anche in armi, al punto che Washington dovette muovere al capo dell'esercito per farsi dare i soldini veri da passare agli amici banchieri. 


Sempre. La. Stessa. Storia. Oggi come allora. 

On September 25, 1794, US President George Washington issued a proclamation authorizing the use of military force against a group of defiant citizens. 
It had all started a few years before when a handful of politicians had succeeded in passing an excise tax on liquor, something that became known as the Whiskey Tax. 
The Whiskey Tax was the brainchild of Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton, who was under pressure to pay off the government’s debts from the Revolutionary War. 
The thing is, much of the debt had been originally owed to soldiers who fought in the war. They had been paid in IOUs, many of which had been scooped up by bankers in New York for pennies on the dollar. 
Hamilton had family connections to prominent New York banks– the first example of Wall Street infiltrating the Treasury Department. It wouldn’t be the last. 
(Over 200 years later, the American taxpayer would again be on the hook to bail out banks.) 
Back then the Whiskey Tax was a big deal. America was a ‘whiskey nation’. 
Whiskey was such a prevalent part of American culture in the 1790s, in fact, that it was even commonly used as a medium of exchange in parts of the country. 
So you can imagine that the government’s intent to tax whiskey distillation was met with pockets of staunch opposition, especially once people found out that the entire reason for the tax was to pay back the New York bankers. 
In some cases the opposition was militant. Parts of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia swelled with local resistance to the point that people began physically assaulting federal tax collectors and forming rebel militias. 
Washington eventually had to dispatch federal troops (which he personally commanded) to put down the insurrection. 
The rebels lost. But this conflict between government and the taxpayer continued to run deep. (...) 




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