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mercoledì 16 luglio 2014

L'annuncio storico dei BRICS: E' nata la loro alternativa ad un Fondo Monetario Internazionale in mano agli USA

 
Russia, Cina, India, Brasile e Sud Africa erano veramente - e giustamente - incazzati a morte col Fondo Monetario e la World Bank americani:

Zero Hedge - BRICS Announce $100 Billion Reserve To Bypass Fed, Developed World Central Banks
Submitted by Tyler Durden on 07/15/2014

Come immaginavamo l’altro giorno l’alleanza anti-dollaro fra I BRICS ha con successo creato un cosidetto “mini-IMF” visto che i BRICS sono chiaramente furiosi col Fondo Monetario Internazionale così com’è strutturato oggi:
“Restiamo delusi e seriamente preoccupati per l’attuale mancata implementazione delle riforme del Fondo Monetario Internazionale così come ipotizzate nel 2010 e tutto ciò impatta negativamente sulla legittimità, sulla credibilità e sulla reale efficienza dell’FMI.”
Come spiega Putin tutto ciò è parte di
“un sistema di misure che aiuteranno a prevenire le vessazioni a paesi che non sono d’accordo con alcune decisioni di politica estera prese da Stati Uniti e loro alleati.”
Il capital iniziale della Banca dei BRICS sarà di 50 miliardi di dollari – pagati in parti uguali dai 5 membri (con una riserva potenziale di sino a 100 mld) e avrà come primo presidente un indiano. La Banca dei BRICS avrà base a Shanghai e presieduta dalla Russia.

Ma la cosa grossa è che usando swap bilaterali i BRICS si stanno effettivamente disintermediando dalla Fed e da ogni altra banca centrale “del mondo sviluppato” e si finanzieranno fra di loro.
We are pleased to announce the signing of the Treaty for the establishment of the BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA) with an initial size of US$ 100 billion. This arrangement will have a positive precautionary effect, help countries forestall short-term liquidity pressures, promote further BRICS cooperation, strengthen the global financial safety net and complement existing international arrangements.... The Agreement is a framework for the provision of liquidity through currency swaps in response to actual or potential short-term balance of payments pressures.
Giusto per specificarlo per i più disattenti il ruolo del dollaro in un mondo così fatto è .. beh, nessuno.

E per chi avesse dimenticato chi sono i BRICS – a parte la sigla coniata da un banchiere di Goldman Sacks – ecco un promemoria grafico di come, per esempio, questi 5 paesi fanno da solo 3 miliardi di cittadini:




Estratti chiave dallo statement di oggi:
We remain disappointed and seriously concerned with the current non-implementation of the 2010 International Monetary Fund (IMF) reforms, which negatively impacts on the IMF’s legitimacy, credibility and effectiveness. The IMF reform process is based on high-level commitments, which already strengthened the Fund's resources and must also lead to the modernization of its governance structure so as to better reflect the increasing weight of EMDCs in the world economy. The Fund must remain a quota-based institution. We call on the membership of the IMF to find ways to implement the 14th General Review of Quotas without further delay. We reiterate our call on the IMF to develop options to move ahead with its reform process, with a view to ensuring increased voice and representation of EMDCs, in case the 2010 reforms are not entered into force by the end of the year. We also call on the membership of the IMF to reach a final agreement on a new quota formula together with the 15th General Review of Quotas so as not to further jeopardize the postponed deadline of January 2015.

BRICS, as well as other EMDCs, continue to face significant financing constraints to address infrastructure gaps and sustainable development needs. With this in mind, we are pleased to announce the signing of the Agreement establishing the New Development Bank (NDB), with the purpose of mobilizing resources for infrastructure and sustainable development projects in BRICS and other emerging and developing economies. We appreciate the work undertaken by our Finance Ministers. Based on sound banking principles, the NDB will strengthen the cooperation among our countries and will supplement the efforts of multilateral and regional financial institutions for global development, thus contributing to our collective commitments for achieving the goal of strong, sustainable and balanced growth.

The Bank shall have an initial authorized capital of US$ 100 billion. The initial subscribed capital shall be of US$ 50 billion, equally shared among founding members. The first chair of the Board of Governors shall be from Russia. The first chair of the Board of Directors shall be from Brazil. The first President of the Bank shall be from India. The headquarters of the Bank shall be located in Shanghai. The New Development Bank Africa Regional Center shall be established in South Africa concurrently with the headquarters. We direct our Finance Ministers to work out the modalities for its operationalization.

We are pleased to announce the signing of the Treaty for the establishment of the BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA) with an initial size of US$ 100 billion. This arrangement will have a positive precautionary effect, help countries forestall short-term liquidity pressures, promote further BRICS cooperation, strengthen the global financial safety net and complement existing international arrangements. We appreciate the work undertaken by our Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors. The Agreement is a framework for the provision of liquidity through currency swaps in response to actual or potential short-term balance of payments pressures.
E tanti saluti ad una nuova valuta mondiale basata su un basket stile SDR (Special Drowing Rights dell’IMF).

Quanto al dollaro USA ….


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